Purple basil seeds – aromatic plant seeds (2
Name Ocimum Basilicum
Section Labiatae Category Annuals
Plant height 45-60 cm Seeds germinate 5-10 days , 60-80 days color pink ripening time , the use of parts of the leaves smell fragrant , purple crepe leaves , plant height 45-60 cm , can meet the pursuit of strange suit customer requirements. 5% of the plants leaves purple green color . National Flower breeding award winning varieties.
Uses: Leaf is a warm , for modulating Italian cuisine , in a unique mix garlic , tomato flavor , increase the taste . Table oil can be used to add special perfume or scented soap . Leaves can repel mosquitoes , intestinal parasites and other effects
Very sober aroma , durable ghost . Annual herb , much branched stems straight , oval leaves, with spice , white flowers . Hi warm hot weather , abundant sunshine for good drainage environment , moderate pruning can promote lateral bud growth , let the plants flourish. Leaf is a warm , for modulating Italian cuisine , in a unique mix garlic , tomato flavor , increase the taste . Edible vegetable oil can be used to add special perfume or scented soap . Leaves can repel mosquitoes , intestinal parasites and other effects . Flavor characteristics : slightly minty , but a little sweet , a little spicy .
Basil plant hi sunshine and well-drained cultivation environment , can be propagated by seed and cuttings approach to ; usually planting seedlings to planting in spring and autumn the most appropriate low season is growing slowly.
Cultural environment :
Sunny , without wind and rain , fertile soil.
2. sowing and planting :
Early spring sown in small pots indoors . Increase seedling cold tolerance in the cooling bed , and after the frost season , transplanting outdoors , plant spacing of 30 cm .
3. Management :
Maintaining adequate irrigation . Pinching off the flower buds to promote growth.
4. Harvest :
Throughout the summer you can pick fresh leaves. Available fresh leaves can also be dried and stored in a sealed tank, but its flavor is less than fresh leaves . Leaves can also be stored frozen .
Cultivation techniques ( generalized information for reference only)
Name :. Ocimum spp fame : Basil Department: Labiatae use parts: top young shoots or branches refined oils . Flavor
Characteristics : slightly minty , but a little sweet, a little spicy . Home Use : When flowering can be made directly cut and dried flowers, some of the strong flavor varieties have the effect of driving mosquitoes .
Basil is an annual herb, erect stems , up to 50 to 100 cm, oval-shaped leaves , white or pink flowers . Basil cultivation in Taiwan as the main spice for vegetables , there are two varieties , one for green stem species, other species of purple stems , two fragrance approximation , the entire cultivation area is not big, but in Southern Europe and the United States there are a large number of California spices cultivated specifically for use , but also more diverse species , including purple leaf basil , lemon basil , laurel, sweet basil , aroma varieties of mainly consists of three components , namely linalool (linalool), methyl betel phenol ( methyl chavicol) and eugenol (eugenol), different aroma component ratio is different for refined flavors , culinary flavoring materials and lettuce salad.
Basil naturally strong, very easy to grow , although with the growth due likes the warm , in Taiwan throughout the year can grow well in winter cold weather slow growth , cultivation in a sunny , well-drained place , after planting will shrubby form their own branch , but if sustained topping promote branching , leaves the more the greater the amount harvested , while suppressing the height can be less easy to bear , folk have a saying that basil flowers toxic , in fact , That basil leaf containing aroma , texture thicker inflorescence , not suitable for human consumption, and no toxicity problems , foreign tender buds are harvested , a higher oil content due to bud contains .
When breeding mainly sown mainly in the warm environment sowing seeds easily germinate , grow month when two of this leaf can be transplanted , but not too dense planting time , after germination should fully accept the sun , otherwise very basil seedlings after easy leggy lodging, topping planting can be harvested after another , some breeds , such as lemon basil , purple basil leaf cutting method can also be used to breed , take the same terminal bud , inserted in moist medium no germs , placed in the shade and keep moist , 21 days can be planted .
Harvesting and Utilization
Basil grow fast , high yield , planting record of good management referred to foreign words as long as three to four of the yield can reach about 2 kg , scissors and other tools available when harvesting or direct hand picking, choose inflorescence has not yet appeared in the under shoot 2 ~ 3 at the break , not too long , otherwise the base of the shoots hard part aging entrance control hand-picked in the top section of the removal , can contribute to lateral buds grow very quickly , and then continue to the next harvest, must first wash with water before eating , the stems and leaves into the water gently sweep can be picked up , soaked for too long or too hard, clean scent easy loss , after harvest should direct use or the like water in a plastic bag to put a little dry in the refrigerator storage, drying will aroma escaping .
Basil taste very special , some people liked its aroma , while others feel the taste fishy and feeding, most people in Taiwan have been accustomed to its taste, often play a supporting role in the dishes , especially seafood categories of food , and there is fishy effect, night market in the common fried chicken and other fried goods are often put Ruluo Le , and when placed in the pot fast , easy to make because the high temperature vaporized aroma .
Pharmacologically , basil therapeutic fever , colds , rheumatism and illnesses of indigestion , but pregnant women, lactating women , the baby is best not to eat better.
Name Ocimum Basilicum
Since Score: 10 / parts
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